Traumatic Brain Injury: Long-Term & Severe Outcomes

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious public health problem in the United States. Each year, TBI’s contribute to a large number of deaths and permanent disability. At least 1.7 million cases of TBI occur each year. There are two types of severe TBIs: Closed & Penetrating. Closed TBI is described as an injury to the brain caused by movement of the brain within the skull. Causes may include falls, motor vehicle accidents, or being stuck by or with an object. Penetrating TBI is described as an injury to the brain caused by a foreign object entering the skull. Causes may include firearm injuries or a bring stuck by a foreign object such as a knife that enters the skull. What Are The Potential Affects of Severe TBI? A non-fatal severe TBI may result in a coma or amnesia. 43% of individuals hospitalized after a traumatic brain injury have a related disability one year after the injury. A TBI may lead to issues affecting:

  • Cognitive Functioning: affecting your attention and memory
  • Motor Function: extremity weakness, impaired coordination and balance
  • Sensation: hearing, vision, impaired perception and touch
  • Emotion: depression, anxiety, aggression, impulse control, personality changes

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